Topical index

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The ~ndex wh~ch follows ~ncludes the follow~ng k~nds of entr~es:

1) General linguist terms: allophone

2) Terms specefically defined for this grammar: adJect~ve (~nclud~ng word-classes ~dent~f~ed by reference to a member: baaD-class postpos~t~on)

3) Undef~ned terms and general reference topics (always ~n quotes): 'adverb'

Apart from words identifying classes (baaD), no individual ST lexical items are listed here-- see Index of Forms for the latter.

The first reference g~ven on each l~ne of th~s ~ndex ~s to the organ~zat~ onal head~ng, the second ~s to the page number. For example:

adJect~ve bases 2.4.3.1,8,11. 67, 70, 72

Reference to adJect~ve bases w~ll be found ~n Chapter Two, uncer the head~ng 2.4.3. (Redupl~cat~ons), sub-head~ngs 1), 8), and 11), beg~nn~~g on three separate pages: 67, 70, and 72. Hyphenated references, e~ther of head~ng or page numbers, ~mply a ser~es of references to the same top~c w~th~n a relat~vely short stretch of text; e.g. 67-72. References apply~ng to longer passages are g~ven as follows: 67ff.

'abnormal 1.7.3. 26 adJect~ve 4.4.2. 188,192 dlstr~butlonst mod~f~er abstract 3.2.1.4. 90 adJectlve 2.5.2.2. 74 nouns 3.2.5. 105,108 predlcat~on 3.3.2. 118-9 'actor' 3.3.3. 123-4 4.3.3.4.2. 178 3.3.4. 126 'adverb' 3.3.2.1. 121 adJect~ve 2.3.2.3. 53 (used lnterchangeably w~th complement~ve 3.3.2. 118 ff before the latter 4.5.1.7. 205-6 term ~s lntroduced) adJectlve 2.3.3.4. 56 aillterat~ve 2.4.3. 67, 70-1 bases 2·4.3.1, 67, 70, 72 redupl~cators 8,11 allo1ex 2.1.3.2. 37 adJect~ve 3.3.2. 119 allomorph 2.1.2.2. 36 expreSSlon 2.5.2.1. 73 2.4.2.4. 65-6 2.4.1.10. 62-3 226 allophones, 1.3.1. consonant allophones, 1.5.2. tone allophones, 1.4.2. vowel Amerlcan 0.3. Councll of Learned Socletles 9 18 2. classlfler -as head -bases -phrase classlfler numeral 2.4.2.1. 3.2.5.1. 2.4.3.2.3. 2.5.2.3. 3.2.5. 3.2.6·4. 4.4.4.1.2. 64 105 68-9 75 104 133 197 'antonym , 4.1.1. 4.1.2. 4.2.1. 4.2.5. 4.3.1. 4.4.1. 135 138 147 158 171 184 ff clause 1.2.1. 1.6.3. 1.8.4. 2.5.1.3. close Juncture (see Juncture) 4 22 32-4 73 bound lexeme Chapter IV classes ba~-een-class 3.2.2.1. complementlve bound lexeme 2.6.1.2. 3.2.6.3. 201 ff 207 89 188 ff 79 75 114 124 91 ff 121 193 118 125 154 205-6 69-70 63 59 ff 87 110 2.6.2.2. 3.2.1.3. 2.4. 3.1.3.5. 3.2.6. 2.4.2. 3.2.2. 3.3.2.1. 4·4.3. 3.3.1.2.14· 3 · 3.4. 4.2.4. 4.5.1.7. 2·4.3.5-8. 'comparlson of 4.4.2. adJectlves' common noun complement 2.5.2.3. 3.3. 3.3.3. codaphrase 4.5. 'command' 4.5.1.8. completlve verb complementlve complex sentence complex redupllcators composltlon of lexemes compound I}} III 184 79 112 113 188 193 92 148 166-8 156 1-2 48 ff 66 ff 0.2. 4.4.1. 3.2.6.1. 'aspect of verb' baa~-class 3.2.6.3. postposltlon 4·4·2. 4.4.3 · base lexeme b cardlnal -phrases base cardlnal numeral Central Plalns Dlalect .£ caag-class 4.2.2. preposltlon 4.2.6.4. classlfJ.er 45 104 227 contour (see lntonatlon) consonants (see also 1.3. 'lnltla1' and 'flnal') dlscourse 2.5.1~5. dlstrlbutlon of 1.7. phonemes 103 163 168-71 172 180 73 24 ff 5 15 15 76-8 4.2.6.2.3. 4.3.1. 4.3.2. 4.3·4· dlaw-c1ass demonstratlve dlaw-class conJunctlon dlphthongs 1.2.3. 1.4.1. 1.4.2. dlscontlnuous 2.5.3.1,4. 72 ff constructlon 78 133 168 73 89 105 108 128 8 ff 2.5. 2.5.3.6. 3.2.1.1. 3.2.5.1. 3.2.5.3. 3.3.4.2. 4.1. 4.3 • 2.5.2. conJunctlon constructlon types concrete noun consecutlve-order constructlon constructlons 'covert re1atlonshlps' -complementlve- 3.2.6.3. numeral -noun-c1asslfler 3.2.1.1-3. 3.2.5. -noun-pronoun 3.2.3. -adJectlvepostposltlon -verb-comp1etlve verb cYlJ-class conJunctlon 4·4·2.8. end 3.3.3. 3.3.4. 4.1. 4.3. 4.3.4. 190 112 89 104 ff 98 125 128 ff 133 168,171 180 dooJ-class preposltlon duratlon of syllables eelJ-class complementlve 4.2.3. 4.2.6.1. 4.2.6.2. 4.3.2. 1.6.4. 4.5.2.1. 3.2.2.2. 3.2.4. 3.2.6.3. 3.3.2.1. 4.2.3. end 152 159-61 162 172 23 208 93 102 112-3 120 153-4 4.4.3. 193 d demonstratlve demonstratlve postposltlon dental consonants derlvatlve 2.2.3.2. 2.3.3.2. 3.2.4. 4.4.4. 4·5.2.4. 4.4.4.2. 1.3.4. 2.4.1. 3.1.3.5. 3.2.6. 4.4.4. 4.5.2. 45 55 102 196 213 198 11 59 87 111-3 196 207 'emphatlc forms' endocentrlc constructlon -compound -phrase enumeratlon 3.2.4.1. 4.5.2. 3.3.2. 4·4. 2.4.2. 2.5.2.1. 2.5.2.5. 3.2.4. 3.2.5. 3.2.6. 4.2.6.3.2. 4.4.4. 103 207 119 183 63 73 76 102 104-5 109 ff 165-6 196 228 enumeratlve postposltlon -general equatlon equatlonal predJ.cate equatlonal sentence 4.4.4. 4.4·4.4. 2.5.2.4. 2.5.2.4. 3.2.1.8. 4.2.6.3.2. 2.6.2·4· 196 199 75 75 90 165-6 80 £. Gedney, W.J. general adJectJ.ves general classJ.fJ.er general completlve verb 4.4.1. 4.5.1.7. 0.3. 3.3.2.2. 3.3.4.1. 185 ff 205 3 122 108 127 exchange exchanges, sample 73 219 ff general modal verb general pronoun 3.3.1.2. 3.2.3.2. 117-8 101 fJ.nal partJ.cle (see 'sentence partlcle') 119-20 1 88 159- 60 167 171 188 108 4 9 123-4 3 4 53 105 63 ff 73 167 64 1.1. 1.3.1. 3.1.3. 2.1.1. 35 2.1.3. 37 2.5.2.2. 74 3.1. 81 4.4.2. end 192 3.3.2. 0.1. 0.3. 1.1. 2.3.2.3. 3.2.5.1. 2.4.2. 2.5.2.1. 4.2.6.4·2. 2.4.2. 4.2.6.1. 4·2.6.4.2. 4.3.1. 4.4.2. Haas, Mary R. 'goal r 'homonym , glottal stop lmmedla te constltuent lmJ. ta tJ.ve lml ta tlve classJ.fler head Hocke t t, C. F. head-nouns, common head-noun head types h J. 79 75 5 6 218 146 168 59 73 56 99-101 216-7 219 2 4 38 79 79 0.3. 1.1. 4.5. end 1.2.1. 2.1.3.4. 2.6.1. 2.6.1.1. 2.3.3.4. 3.2.3.1. 4.5.3. 4.5.5. 2.6.2.1. Chapter III 81 ff 4. 1.3 . 2. 139 4.2.6.3.2. 165 'future' exclamatory sentence 'female speaker I exocentrJ.c constructJ.on -complement phrases 4.2. -conJuncted clauses 4.3. -derlvatlves 2.4.1. expreSSlon 2.5.2.1. flow pattern of codaphrases form-class free lexeme classes Forelgn Servlce Instltute (FSI) free lexeme fJ.nal contrasts flnal f 229 lndlrect obJect 2.5.2.2. 74 'lntransltlve 3.3.2. 119 3.3.3. 124 verb ' 3.3.2.2. 112 4.2.6.4.2. 167 lrregular 2·4·2.1-4 64-6 -pronoun 3.2.3. 98 compounds lnflx 2.3.2. 50 lrregular 2.4.3.9-11 70-1 redupllcators lnflXed 2.4.3. 67,69-70 redupllcators lsolatlve 3.1. 81 ff 4.5.2.2. 210 lnflxed 3.1.4.2-3. 88 .J. lmlta tlves Juncture 1.2.8. 8 Informants 0.3. 3 1.6.3. 22 5 1.8·4. 32-4 lnltlal 1.2.1. , khrab-class 4.5. 201 lnltlal contrasts 1.2.2. 5 sentence partlcle 4·5.2. 208 'lnnovatlons ' 1.7.3. 26 4.5.3. 215 4·4.2. 188 4.5. 218 4.4·3 • 193 k end lnterJectlon 2.2.1.4. 40 'klnshlp terms! 3.1.1. 81 -as vocatlves 3.1.3.3. 87 -In lexeme 3.1.3.5. 87 lnterlocklng 2.5.3.5. 78 composltlon constructlon -In pronoun 3.2.3. 99 'lnterrogatlve' 2.3.4.5,6. 57 suppletlon 3.2.2.3. 96 khyyn-class modal 4.1.1. 133 3.2.3.2. 102 4.2.6.3.2. 166 4.1.3. 138 4.3.4·1. 181 1 4.4.4. 196 lablal consonants 1.3.3.' 10 4.5.1.7. 205 length of vowels 1.1. 4 4.5.2. 209 ff 1.2.3. 5-6 lnterrogatlve 4.4·4.3. 198 1.4.1. 14 postposltlon 1.4.2. 15 lntona tlon 1.2.1. 4 1.8.1. 27 1.5.2. 18 lexeme 2.1.3. 37 1.8.4. 33-4 -categorles 2.6.1. 79 4.5. 201 -composltlon 2·4. 59 ff 4·5.3. 215 3.1.3.5. 87 lntona tlon 1.2.8. 7-8 3.2.6. 110 contrasts 2.2.4.3. 48 lexemlc morpheme 2.1.2.3. 36 lntonatlon morphemes 2.2.1. 38 lexlcal preflx 2.4.1. 59-62 lntonatlon phonemes 1.6.3. 21 lexlcal sufflX 2.4.1. 62-3 230 lexlcal unlt loud stress 2.1.3. 37 1.6.2. 21 2.2.1. 38 4.5.2.1. 208 -of numerals morphophonemlcs Mosel, James N. 3.2.6. 109 ff 1.8. 27 ff 3.1.3.4. 87 (footnote) mlnor sentence 2.6.2.5. 80 mlscellaneous modals 4.1.4. 143 mlscellaneous 4.2.6. 159 preposltlons 3.2.5.2. 106 4.2.2.11. 151 4.4.4.1.2. 197 21 28 ff 45 193 89 68,72 75 83-4 73 103 176, 196 217 218 76 ff 166 188 61 97 147 15 57 138 188 202 205 208 210 4·2.6.4.1. 4.4.2. 2.4.1.7. 3.2.2.3.8. 4.2.1. 1·4.2.6. 2.3.4.7,9. 4.1.3. 4·4·2. 4.5.1.1. 4·5.1.7. 4·5.2.1. 4·5.2.2. 2.5.2.3. 3.1.2.8-10. 3.2.4.1. 4.3.3. 4·4.4· 4.5.4. 4.5.end -phrase 'negatlve I naJ-class preposltlon non-consecutlve 2.5.3. constructlon noun expreSSlon 2.5.2.1. normal stress 1.6.2. 1.8.2. 2.2.3. 4.4.3. noun 3.2.1. noun bases 2.4.3.2.11. nil-class sentence partlcle -response n~l-class demonstratlve nasallza tlon E nag-class postposltlon 202 114 205-6 74 102 119-20 115 126 133 ff 122 136 156 165 138 205 80 99-101 215-6 219 89 107 3.3.1. 3.3.4. 4·1. 3.3.2.3. 3.3.1. 4.5.1.7. 2.5.2.1. 3.2.4. 3.3.2. modal verb modal mass noun 3.2.1.2. 3.2.5.2. maJor sentence 2.6.2.3. 'male speaker' 3.2.3.1. 4.5.3.1.3,5. 4.5.5. metrlc classlfler maJ-class modal 4.1.3. 4.5.1.1. 4.5.1.7. modal adJectlve !!! mag-class modal 4.1.2. 4.2.5.6. 4.2.6.3.2. morph 3.2.3.end 102 morpheme morphology 2.1.2. 35 2.1.2. 36 2.1.1. 35 noun substltutlon nuclear contrasts nucleus 1.2.3. 1.2.1. 5-6 5 231 personal noun 3.2.1.7. (see also 'proper names r ) personal-attrlbute 3.2.1.8. noun 3. 2 •.c:;J.3.2,3. numeral -morphs -phrase -postposltlon 2.2.2.5,6. 2.2.3.1. 2.3.3.2. 3.2.6. 3.2.6. 4.1.2. 4.1.3. 4.2. 2 .11. 4·4.3. 4.4.4.1. 44 45 55 109 ff 109 136 138,40 151 193 197 'passlve' 'past' 3.3.3. 3.3·4. 4.1.3.2. 4.4.1. 4.5.1.7. 4.5.2.1. 124 126 139 185 ff 205 208 90 90 108 phonemes of ST Chapter I 1 ff 2.5.2.2. 3.3.1. 3.3.2. 3.3.3. 74 114 119 123-4 phonemes, 1.3.3-7 consonant phonemes, prosodlc 1.6. phonemes, syl1ablc 1.2.1. 10-14 20-24 5 open Juncture (see Juncture) -In redupllcatlons phonemlc clause phonemlc phrase phonologlcal unlts 1 ff 22 24 4 18-20 15-17 4 24 73 169 31 1.5.3. 1.4.3. 1.6.3. 1.6·4· 1.2.1. 1.2.1. 1.6·4. 2.5.1.2. 4.3.1. 1.8.3. Chapter I phrase morphophonemlcs phrase boundary phrase phonemes, tone phonology phonemes, vowel III 2 4 105 35 67 38 59 2.1.1. 3.2.5.1. 2.1.3.3. 2.4·1. 3.2.6.2. 0.3. 1.1. 'overt rela tlonShlPS' Outllne of Slamese Grammar ordlnal numeral orders of lexemes order partltlve numeral palatal consonants parallel constructlon parenthetlcal constructlon 1.3.5. 2.5.3.3,4. 4.1.4.3.4. 4.3.4.1. 4.4.2.end 4.4.3.12. 2.5.3.2. 3.2.6.3. 4.2.5.3,4. 4.4.3. 12 77-8 144 181 192-3 196 77 112 157 193 pltch 'place expresslon' place noun 'plural' 1.2.8. 3.2.2.3.7. 3.2.1.5. 3.2.5.3.12. 3.2.3.2. 3.2.4.1. 4.2.6.1.3. 4.4.3.4. 4.4.4.3.2. 7-8 97 90 108 101-2 103 160 194 198 232 prosodlc phonemes 1.2.1. 1.6. dlstrlbutlon of 1.7.4. 'proper names' 2.2.4.3. (see also 3.1.3.5. personal nouns) prosodlc contrasts 2.2.4. prosodlc morphemes 2.1.2.3. 2.2. quasl redupl1cators 2.3.3. 2 12 14 101-2 4 18 23 67 7 46 41 72 66 ff 67, 70-2 176 67 55 82 215 65 95 172 67,70-1 55 202 204-6 208,11, 13,14 215 218 1.2.1. 1.5.2. 4.5.3. 4.5. end 2.4.3. 2.4·3. 3.2.3.2. 4·3.3. 2.3.3.3. 3.1.2. 4.5.3. 2.4.2.2. 3.2.2.3. 4.3.2. 2.4.3. 2.3.3.3. 4.5.1.1. 4.5.1.4,5,7. 4.5.2.1,3,5,6. 'reverse-order compound' 'relatlve pronoun' 'reverslble constltuents' 'reflexlve ' rhythmlc contrasts 1.2.7. 2.2.4.1. 'questlon' (see 'lnterrogatlve' and 'yes-no questlon' ) rhythm phonemes 1.6.4. -In redupl1catlons 2.4.3. rhythm rhymlng redupl1cators response rhythmlc morphemes 2.2.2. 2.5.1. /r/-/l/ dlstlnctlon 0.2. 1.3·4· 1.3.7. redupl1cators questlon form (of sentence partlcle) redupl1catlon 4 20 ff 26 74 219 46 ff 36 38 ff 146 75 138,40 159 ff 183-4 139 185 ff 159 45 98 99 ff 48 87 183 159 74 114 ff 165 74 205 48 59-62 111 166 2.5.2.2. 4.5.5. 2.2.3.2. 3.2.3. 3.2.3.1. 2.5·2.2. 3.3. 4.2.6.3.2. 2.5.2.2. 4·5.1.7. 2.3.1. 2.4.1. 3.2.6.2. 4.2. 2.5.2.3. 4.1.3. 4.2.6.1. 4.4.1. 4.1.3. 2. 4.4.1. 4.2.6.1.2. 4.4. 4.2.6.1.1. preposltlonal phrase pronoun pre-verbal phrases lexlcal 'present' -expresslon pronoun sets post-verbal phrases preposltlon predlcatlve predlcator preflX predlcatlon predlcate post-adJectlval phrases postposltlon 233 'soclal usage' 3.1.1. 3.2.3. 4.5.3. speclflC adJectlve 3.3.2.1. speclflc completlve verb 3.3.4.2. r5g-class sentence partlcle r50b-class preposltlon 'royal language' ryy-class sentence partlcle 4.5.1. 4·5.2. 4.5. end 4.2·4· 4·5.3. 4.5.1. 4.5.2. 4.5.end 201 207,8 218 154 215 202 207 218 Smalley, W.A. speclflc modal verb Spoken Thal 0.1. 3.3.1.1. 0.3. 1.1. 1. 81 99-102 215 120 128 115 3 4 'semantlc contrast' 'semantlc Opposlte' 2.5.1.4. 73 4.5.3. 215 (see rantonym') (see 'antonym') 1-2 55 202 205 207 212-3, 214 215 218 4.5.3. 4.5.end 2.3.3.3. 4.5.1.1. 4.5.1.6. 4.5.1.8. 4.5.2.4,6. Standard Spoken Thal 0.2. statement form (of sentence partlcle) 219 ff 113 156 193 3.2.6.3. 4.2.5. 4·4.3. 4.5.5. sag-class preposltlon sample exchanges sentence sentence types 2.6.2. slmple-redupllca- 3.1.4.1. tlon lml ta tlves short vowel 1.2.3. 1·4.1. 4 18 21 28,30 21 202 123-4 3 74 118-20 7 47 167 40 45 4.1.1.1. 3.3.3. -reference stress 1.2.1. 1.5.2. 1.6.2. 1.8.2. subJect-verb constructlon stress phonemes 1.6.2. stress contrasts 1.2.6. 2.2.4·2. 4.2.6.4.2. stress morphemes 2.2.1.4,5. 2.2.3. Subhanka, Heng R. 0.3. subJect 2.5.2.2. 3.3.2. 72 101-2 55 183 196 200 79-80 5-6 14 67-9 120 146 88 1.5.1. 'slngular-plural dlstlnctlon' slmultaneous constructlon slmple redupllcators 2.4.3. 3.3.2. 4.1·4·7. sentence partlcle 2.3.3.3. ( 'flnal partlcle') 4.4. 4·4.4. 4·5. 'slang' (see 'lnnova tlons ' ) Sltachltta, Kanda 3.2.6. III sub-lexemlc morpheme 2.1.2.3. 2.3. 36 48 234 substantlve 3.2. substantlve modlflers 4.4.3. 'subordlnate 4.3.2. c,')nJunctlon' 111 2 4 17 ff 29 75 91 114 124 123 205-6 208,10 120 219 95 147 152 172 92 96-7 90 87 6 35 99 105 128 197 4 ff 73 8 2.1.1. 1.2.1. 2.5.1.5. 1.2.8. 3.2.2.3. 4.2.1. 4.2.3. 4.3.2. 3.2.5.1. 3.3.4.2. 4.4.4.1.2. numeral pronoun 'varlant I transltlve verb 3.3.3. 4.5.1.7. 4.5.2.1,2. 'tlme expresslon' 3.2.2.1. 3.2.2.3. tOPlC 2.5.2.4. 3.2.2. 3.3. 3.3.3. 'tltles' 3.1.3.4,5. tonal contrasts 1.2.5. tone 0.2. 1.1. 1.5. 1.8.2. tlme noun 3.2.1.6. utterance-portlon two-part predlcatlon thamaJ-class complementlve utterance u unlt classlfler 67,70 215 4 23 208 28 172 99 112 5 24 ff 35 73 38 72 ff 73 72 169 176 161 54 88 ff 193 56 58 62-3 113 1.6.4· 4.5.2.1. 1.8.2. 1.2.1. 3.2.3. 3.2.6.3. 4.5.3. 2.3·4· 2.3.5. 2·4.1. 3.2.6.3. 2.3.3. 2.4.3. 1.2.1. 1.7. 2.1.1. 2.5.1.3. 2.1.3.4. 2.5. 2.5.1.2. 2.5.1.1. 4.3. 4.3.3. 4.2.6.1.4. t -dlstrlbutlon of 'suppletlon' syllable morphophonemlcs 'suspenslve Intona t lon' sufflX, lexlcal syntactlc unlt sYlJ- cla s.s conJunctlon superflX syntactlc clause syntactlc constructlon syntax syllable superflXed redupllcators syntactlc phrase sub-syllablc morphemes syllablc phonemes syllable duratlon sentence partlcle 4.5. (see also al101ex) thaa-class conJunctlon 4.3. 4.3.2. 4.2.6.1.4. 4.2.6.2.3. 168 172 161 163 velar consonants 1.3.6. 201,207 13 235 verb (see also 3.3. 114 weak stress 1.6.2. 21 (completlve, modal, and transltlve verb)3.3.3. 123 1.8.2. 28 ff 3.2.3. 98 verb bases 2.4.3.4. 69 3.2.5. 104 verb expreSSlon 2.5.2.1. 73 4.4. 183 4.4.1. 183 ]l verb mod1.f1.er 4·4.1. 183 Yale UnlVerS1.ty 0.3. 2-3 verb-obJect 3.3.3. 123-4 'yes-no quest1.on' 2.5.2.2. 74 construct1.on 3.3.1. 114 verb pred1.cat1.on 2..5.2.2. 74 3.3.2. 118 4.5.1.7. 205 vocatlve 3.1.3. 86 1.4. 14 ~ vowels ff 'zero duratlon' 1.2.7. 7 (see also 'nucleus' ) 'zero flnal' 1.2.4. 6 w waJ-class 'zero lnlt1.al 1 1.2.2. 5 4·4.1. 183 postposltlon 4.2.6.1.3,5. 160,161 'zero lntonatlon' 1.2.8. 8 4.4.2. 188